13 views 0 shares 0 comments
Created/changed by: System
Bookmarkset bookmark!

Republic of Florence, Italy

Category: Attraction

Address details

Piazza della Costituzione
20
50129 Firenze FI
Italy


Firenze, Italy
Print route »
N43° 46' 60" E11° 15' 0"   (43.783333333333, 11.25)
Start navigation »

Phone & WWW


Business hours

Info

The Republic of Florence, also known as the Florentine Republic (Italian: Repubblica Fiorentina, pronounced [reˈpubblika fjorenˈtiːna], or Repubblica di Firenze), was a medieval and early modern state that was centered on the Italian city of Florence in Tuscany. The republic originated in 1115, when the Florentine people rebelled against the Margraviate of Tuscany upon the death of Matilda of Tuscany, a woman who controlled vast territories that included Florence. The Florentines formed a commune in her successors' place. The republic was ruled by a council known as the Signoria of Florence. The signoria was chosen by the gonfaloniere (titular ruler of the city), who was elected every two months by Florentine guild members.
The republic had a checkered history of coups and counter-coups against various factions. The Medici faction gained governance of the city in 1434 under Cosimo de' Medici. The Medici kept control of Florence until 1494. Giovanni de' Medici (later Pope Leo X) re-conquered the republic in 1512.
Florence repudiated Medici authority for a second time in 1527, during the War of the League of Cognac. The Medici re-assumed their rule in 1531 after an 11-month siege of the city. The republican government was disestablished in 1532, when Pope Clement VII appointed Alessandro de' Medici "Duke of the Florentine Republic", making the "republic" a hereditary monarchy.

Discussions

Random Images

Contact details

Republic of Florence

Address: Piazza della Costituzione, 20, 50129 Firenze FI, Italy
Phone: